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Monday, May 4, 2020 | History

1 edition of Energy and water cycles over large and medium-sized catchments found in the catalog.

Energy and water cycles over large and medium-sized catchments

Energy and water cycles over large and medium-sized catchments

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  • 2 Currently reading

Published by Pergamon in Oxford, UK .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Hydrologic cycle.,
  • Energy budget (Geophysics)

  • Edition Notes

    Statementguest editors, E. Raschke ... [et al.].
    SeriesPhysics and chemistry of the earth -- v. 26, no. 5-6
    ContributionsRaschke, Ehrhard., European Geophysical Society. General Assembly
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. 370-484 :
    Number of Pages484
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL22426476M

    Transformations to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals Report prepared by The World in initiative International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis Schlossplatz 1, A Laxenburg, Austria The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) is an independent, international research institute with National Member Organizations in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe. These reservoirs of water not only provide a drinking supply for many canopy animals but also create an entire habitat which species use for shelter and breeding. A multitude of insect larvae exist in these pools and are fed upon by other animals. The water catchments of the tank bromeliad serve as a nursery for poison-arrow frog tadpoles.

    Compendium of Tools for Watershed Assessment and TMDL Development Dynamic water quality models waterbody and that the system is in hydrodynamic equilibrium. Kinetic formulations in TPM are similar to those in CE-QUAL-ICM (Cerco and Cole, ), and 23 state vari- ables, including total active metal, fecal coliform bacteria, and. Energy production uses large quantities of water and, in turn, water provision requires considerable amounts of energy. A new study has investigated the interconnection between water and energy, the 'water-energy nexus', in Spain and found that % of total electricity consumption is for water-use and 25% of water withdrawals are for energy.

    Unsustainable exploitation of natural resources is increasingly affecting the highly biodiverse tropics [1, 2]. Although rapid developments in remote sensing technology have permitted more precise estimates of land-cover change over large spatial scales [], our knowledge about the effects of these changes on wildlife is much more sparse [6, 7].   Future visions for water and cities 1. Future Visions for Water and Cities A Thought Piece 2. Submitted to the Expert Group of the Foresight ‘Future of Cities’ Project by the Water and Cities Action Group of UKWRIP now the Research & Innovation group of the UK Water Partnership, led by the Natural Environment Research Council on behalf of Research Councils UK. April Futu.


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Energy and water cycles over large and medium-sized catchments Download PDF EPUB FB2

“abrupt” or irreversible changes, and relies on basic understanding of interacting processes, that is, understanding how the world works. Scientific and technological advances now offer exceptional opportunity to develop a comprehensive understanding of water’s pervasive activity throughout the Earth system over periods ranging from early epochs to the present and future.

The Baltic Sea system, Fig. 1(a) and (b), constitutes a unique and important environment that is undergoing large changes due to eutrophication, pollution, misuse of natural resources such as over fishing, and climate change. The region shows large seasonal, inter-annual and regional variations primarily due to its location between the North Atlantic Ocean and by: Australian Energy and Water Exchanges (OzEWEX) Project and the Hydrology of Lake Victoria Basin (HyVic) in East-ern Africa.

PannEx, the prospective RHP centered in the Pannonian Basin in Europe, presented its white book and sci-ence and implementation. @article{osti_, title = {Hydrologic responses of a tropical catchment in Thailand and two temperate/cold catchments in north America to global warming}, author = {Gan, T Y and Ahmad, Z}, abstractNote = {The hydrologic impact or sensitivities of three medium-sized catchments to global warming, one of tropical climate in Northern Thailand.

Here, we explore how Fyw varies with catchment characteristics and climatic forcing, using an extensive isotope data set from 22 small- to medium-sized ( - km2) Swiss catchments. Surface water storage variations over exhibit large interannual variability and a strong seasonal signal, peaking during summer, and associated with the flood pulse.

Large-scale urban construction projects can incorporate systems to convey water from rooftop catchments to centralized treatment plants for inclusion in municipal water supplies. The use of ponds to store rainfall for livestock and irrigation is common in the Gaza Strip.

An understanding of sediment in small headwater catchments in mountain areas is important as they are a main water source and often a dominant sediment source area. This is especially true in California where 60 percent of the water comes from the Sierra Nevada and most of the major river systems contain dams where storage area can be greatly Cited by: 7.

A volumetric water balance is proposed for modelling hydrological processes in urban catchments. A multi-criteria approach combining a cost function and aims for both recharging aquifers and limiting runoff contribution to water courses is proposed to find the optimal SUDs combination.

A year water–energy linked system for the A three-phase study was initiated as a way to promote Integrated Catchment Management approaches in the Limpopo River basin. This paper presents the situational assessment, which should enable De Beers to understand how their Venetia Mine operations are located within a broader and highly dynamic socio-economic and ecohydrological landscape as it pertains to water by: 2.

Eco-city planning and management are based on the principle of a cyclical urban metabolism, minimizing the use of land, energy and materials, and impairment of the natural environment, ultimately.

A toilet dam, one type of water-displacement device, saves to liters per flush. Low-flow shower heads are relatively inexpensive and save liters per minute (U.S. EPA, ). Installing pressure-reducing valves can also save energy as well as water by reducing the probability of Author: Jordan.

These catchments are small‐to‐medium‐sized catchments ranging from 70 to 26, km 2. Additionally, we also selected five large and not heavily regulated basins which are larger t km 2 and have a 30‐year complete data record from ‐ to complement the model by: 1. The water variables seem dominated by topography, whereas the energy variables are strongly influenced by land use/land cover types.

Figure 10 shows that SatE is commonly generated from the lowland plains on the east, only sporadically on the local depressions on the high hills and around the bending corner in the southwest, which as mentioned Cited by:   Commonly described as the “water tower for Asia,” the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) plays an important role in ensuring water, food, energy, and environmental security for much of the continent.

The HKH is the source of ten major rivers that provide water—while also supporting food and energy production and a range of other ecosystem services Cited by: 6. “Recycling city.

Embodied energy, lifecycles, inclusion” is the title of the Lifelong Learning Programme held recently at the Iuav University (Venice, 29th June – 9th July ), an. This volume presents a collection of papers given at a Rhine-LUCIFS (Land use and climate impact on fluvial systems), the aim being to bring together researchers with longstanding experience in developing concepts and modelling approaches for long term landscape evolution and scientists involved in more classical studies on the evolution of the Rhine river system.

Abstract. Environmental Effects of Conservation Practices on Grazing Lands, Special Reference Briefs U.S. Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Library. This bibliography is one in a multi-volume set developed by the Water Quality Information Center at the National Agricultural Library in support of the U.S.

Department of Agriculture’s Conservation Effects Assessment. [1] Results are presented from the multi‐institution partnership to develop a real‐time and retrospective North American Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS).

NLDAS consists of (1) four land models executing in parallel in uncoupled mode, (2) common hourly surface forcing, and (3) common streamflow routing: all using a 1/8° grid over the continental United States. Human settlements are, in turn, shown to require large quantities of energy, water and land to sustain their activities, and produce a range of wastes, thus displaying ever-growing ecological footprints.

The chapter ends by focusing on the governance of our settlements. A second effect of local topography is its relationship to rainfall On flat or gently sloping surfaces, rainfall leads to unconcentrated flow over large areas, with thin and-extensive sheets of moving water, known as sheetflow This results in the removal of a thin layer of soil from the entire surface Generally only the smaller soil particles.

Large abstractors would require many small abstractors to forgo water abstraction in order to make up deficits, unless water is available from another high-volume user, such as water companies or other, possibly less efficient, power by: 9.

Study area. The Krąpiel River has a total length of 70 km and a catchment area of km 2 (a medium-sized river). It is a typical lowland river (Cited by: 4.